What is Insemination (IntraUterine Insemination – IUI)?
Insemination is the transfer of sperm cells taken from the man through various washing processes into the uterus during the ovulation period of the woman. The insemination method is applied to women who have been unable to conceive for an extended period. In suitable patients, it can be considered prior to additional treatments such as IVF.

Why is insemination carried out?

The goal of this procedure is to increase the likelihood of conception by releasing more healthy sperm directly into the uterus, thus bypassing the cervix altogether.
When trying to conceive, insemination treatment is used for the following conditions.

1. Sperm count and motility rate in men (Male Factor)

2. Erection (hardening of the penis) disorders

3. Retrograde ejaculation (ejaculation to the bladder instead of the glans)

4. Endometriosis

5. Moderate endometriosis

6. Unexplained infertility

In all of these cases, insemination is the method of choice. Insemination is a method used from time to time in men with ejaculation problems. Possible causes of ejaculatory dysfunction include diabetes, multiple sclerosis, trauma, retrograde ejaculation, bladder neck operations, and certain medications. Although insemination may seem like a simple procedure, it should be carried out by an experienced gynecologist.

How is insemination prepared?

The semen sample taken from the male for insemination is washed under laboratory conditions and is purified from all secretions except sperm. The bacteria that cause painful contractions in the uterus are eliminated, and sperm motility is boosted, both of which improve the odds of conception. First, while the woman is in the examination position, equipment is placed in the vaginal area to facilitate the injector's entry into the uterus. The sperms extracted from the father-to-be are placed in the woman's uterus in a matter of seconds using an advanced injector. Thus, the insemination procedure is completed.

Insemination success rates

Depending on the underlying cause of infertility, insemination may provide a 5 - 20% increase over normal intercourse. The chance increases slightly as the number of applications increases. Although there is no theoretical limit, it is recommended not to try more than 6-7 times. If the period of marriage and infertility has been protracted, direct in vitro fertilization and microinjection can be initiated without first attempting insemination.